Disease ' attacking ' human is infectious or epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis , malaria or HIV and the disease caused by the man himself as diabetes , heart disease , cancer and stroke.
However , from all kinds of diseases caused or human generated , there are a number of serious diseases that are classified as ' chronic ' because it triggers almost twice the number of deaths worldwide than other causes of death . Group of disorders known as chronic non- communicable diseases ' ( CNCD ) was subsequently raised concerns among scientists and physicians to lead efforts and research done to overcome transmission.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO ) , the disease included in the category CNCD is related to cardio vascular disease , diabetes second , related chronic respiratory diseases as well as several types of cancer. Director of the International Institute for Global Health Related , University Organization of the United Nations ( UNU- IIGH ) , Tan Sri Mohamed Salleh Mohamed Yasin , said CNCD very worried because the cause of about 60 percent of deaths worldwide.
" More worrisome is CNCD chronic diseases account for 44 percent of deaths were of young patients , overall mortality was twice involved infectious diseases including HIV / AIDS , tuberculosis and malaria , " he said.
He said that , from an economic standpoint , the CNCD also a terrible negative impact on the productivity of a country. Estimated in the next 10 years, China , India and the United Kingdom , each will lose U.S. $ 558 billion , U.S. $ 237 billion and U.S. $ 33 billion as a result of death due to disease knonik people concerned.
" Without any effort to stop the spread of CNCD , an estimated 388 billion seturuh world population will die from the disease within 10 years , but a total of 36 billion people die at a young age by 2015 , " he was appointed the first director of UNU- IIGH since the institute was established on 1 March 2007.
Among the factors contributing to the increase in the number of cases is the average lifespan CNCD Longer population , use tobacco or smoking , lack of physical activity and unhealthy food choices .
"Actually, most of the causes of the spread of this disease can be prevented CNCD because it involves a person's lifestyle . Much as 80 percent of deaths at a young age from heart disease , stroke or diabetes can be prevented by adopting a healthy lifestyle in addition to knowledge of the pharmaceutical aspects , " he said.
He said there CNCD chronic diseases caused by smoking , and thus to stop smoking, it indirectly able to cope with the spread of the disease.
Studies of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia ( UKM ) and the Ministry of Health led by Professor Dr Syed Mohamed Aljunid found a total 93.306 people in this country die from diseases caused by smoking from 2004 to 2007 . "In fact, every year , over 33,000 new cases recorded for heart disease , lung cancer ( almost 3,000 ) and chronic asthma disease (about 12,800 ) are due to smoking , " he said.
He said the government has spent about RM3.4 billion a year to treat the three diseases involved and the amount of it can certainly be channeled to other benefits that would be better if the smoking habit can be Discontinued or reduced.
"But to stop smoking is a major challenge in the country. Study found 49 percent of adult males (aged 18 and over ) smoking even five per cent of women . Study found that the number of female smokers increased from 20 years ago. Previously only 0.5 per cent but now it is five per cent. cause could be due to more young women now a career , professional and influence of cigarette advertising , " he said.
The adverse effects of smoking as a trigger CNCD cause some countries to take stringent measures against the article to reduce the number of smokers in their country .
" Canada for instance try to reduce the number of smokers in their country by raising the price of cigarettes with high rates , forbade selling cigarettes in sticks besides increasing smoke-free, " he said.
He said CNCD preventative aspect can be achieved through the integration of the various parties involved in science, technology , and social policy , from the government down to the people lower down.
Accordingly, Mohamed Salleh said he at UNU- IIGH will perform a variety of research in the field of global health , including the quality of the health care system , the study of disease and kawatan methods , development of information technology in the next health effects of climate change and the impact of globalization on health.